100g plain flour
2 large eggs
1 tbsp sunflower or vegetable oil, plus a little extra for frying
lemon wedges, to serve (optional)
caster sugar, to serve (optional)
Put the flour, eggs, milk and a pinch of salt into a bowl or large jug, then whisk into a smooth batter. Set aside for 30 mins to rest if you have time, or start cooking straight away.
Set a medium frying pan or crêpe pan over a medium heat and carefully wipe it with some oiled kitchen paper. When hot, cook your pancakes for 1 min on each side until golden, keeping them warm in a low oven as you go.
Serve with lemon wedges and sugar, or your favourite filling. Once cold, you can layer the pancakes between baking parchment, then wrap in cling film and freeze for up to 2 months.
This week in 1923, in Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter entered the burial chamber of the ancient Egyptian ruler King Tutankhamen.
The ancient Egyptians saw their pharaohs as gods so they carefully preserved their bodies after death, putting them in elaborate tombs that contained rich treasures to accompany the rulers into the next life. In the 19th century, archeologists from all over the world went to Egypt, where they uncovered some of these tombs. Many of the tombs had already been robbed of their riches.
When Carter arrived in Egypt in 1891, he was convinced there was at least one undiscovered tomb—the one belonging to Tutankhamen, or King Tut, who lived around 1400 B.C. and died when he was still a teenager. Financed by a rich British aristocrat, Lord Carnarvon, Carter searched for five years without success. In early 1922, Lord Carnarvon wanted to cancel the search, but Carter convinced him to continue for one more year.
In November 1922 Carter's team found some stairs near the entrance of another tomb. The steps led to an ancient door with the name Tutankhamen. When Carter and Lord Carnarvon entered the tomb's interior chambers on November 26, they were happy to find it virtually intact. There was a lot of treasure. The men explored the four rooms of the tomb, and on February 16 1923 Carter opened the door to the final chamber.
Inside there was a sarcophagus with three coffins. The last coffin, made of solid gold, contained the mummified body of King Tut. Other riches found in the tomb--golden shrines, jewelry, statues, a chariot, weapons, clothing—but the perfectly preserved mummy was the most valuable, as it was the first one ever to be discovered. Despite rumours that a curse would happen to anyone who disturbed the tomb, the treasures were carefully catalogued, removed and included in a famous traveling exhibition called the "Treasures of Tutankhamen." The exhibition's permanent home is the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guided a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.
Australia, originally known as New South Wales, was originally planned as a prison colony. In October 1786, the British government asked Arthur Phillip, captain of the ship HMS Sirius, to establish an agricultural work camp there for British convicts. He had no idea of what he could expect from the mysterious and distant land. Accompanied by a small group of soldiers and other officers, Phillip led the 1,000-strong party, (with 700 convicts), around Africa to the eastern side of Australia. In all, the voyage lasted eight months, with around 30 men dying on the journey.
The first years were almost disastrous. The soil was poor, the climate was unfamiliar and workers didn’t know how to farm. Phillip had great difficulty keeping the men alive and the colony almost starved. Phillip persevered by appointing convicts to positions of responsibility. Phillip said before leaving England: "In a new country there will be no slavery and hence no slaves."
Although Phillip returned to England in 1792, the colony became prosperous by the 19th century. In 1818, January 26 became an official holiday, marking the 30th anniversary of British settlement in Australia. And, as Australia became a sovereign nation, it became the national holiday known as Australia Day. Today, Australia Day serves both as a day of celebration for the founding of the white British settlement, and as a day of mourning for the Aborigines who were slowly dispossessed of their land as white colonization spread across the continent.